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Rain to Quench Drought-stricken Grain Producing Areas

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2014-08-08 09:20:00 来源:大连商品交易所网站 
According to the weather forecast issued by the National Meteorological Center at 10 am yesterday, in the next three days, the eastern part of Northwest China, Huang-Huai and other regions will experience a significant weather process of rainfall. The grain producing areas long suffering from drought will be relieved with rainfalls.

"If farmers seize the favorable opportunity of rainfall to turn over the dead autumn crops and replant buckwheat and other minor grain crops, the losses from the drought will be effectively reduced,” said Liu Xianzhen, an expert at the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Xinxiang City, Henan Province, adding that it is a foregone conclusion to see the total failure of the autumn crops in some hilly and mountain areas with slight drought and the heavy-arid areas, and even the rainfalls cannot reverse the damaged yields of the autumn crops in the areas.

Liu said that it is too late to replant the autumn crops which feature relatively long growth periods, while the buckwheat and other minor grain crops grow in a short period. Additionally, radish, cabbage and other vegetables can also be replanted to make up for some losses.

It is learnt that at present, the heavy-arid areas are mainly concentrated in the regions north of Huaihe River and south of the Yellow River as well as Northwest China. According to the agricultural surveys conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture on August 4, the drought-stricken area nationwide was more than 64.2 million mu with a heavy-arid area of 17 million mu. Henan Province, which suffers from the most serious drought, reports a drought-stricken area of over 25.8 million mu with a heavy-arid area of over 7.3 million mu. In the first ten day of August, most of the arid areas will see the drought continue with less rainfall and higher temperatures.

According to media reports, the farmers in the heavy-arid areas in Zhumadian and other regions in Henan Province have removed the corn and other autumn crops of total failure. According to the crop growth law, after the “beginning of autumn” on August 7, even with adequate rainfalls, the corn and other crops will not seed as a result of missing the critical growth period.

It was learnt in the surveys of the drought in various places that the dry weather has resulted in significant damages for the autumn crops in some parts of Henan, Shaanxi, Hebei and Shandong provinces, and the corn and peanut find more impact with a lot of corn withering and most of the peanuts failing to take root and seed. In some areas the farmers will see the autumn yields substantially reduced.

The impact of drought on prices of grain and oil commodities has not been seen clearly at present. “The impact is expected to be regional,” said Xi Yuecun, a grain trader based in Biyang, Henan Province, adding that with relatively abundant inventories of corn, wheat and other bulk agricultural commodities and the weak demand, the damage to the autumn crop yields caused by drought has not shown the market effect immediately.

According to the sources of the meteorological department, in the next ten days (from the 5th to 14th), most parts in Southwest China will see more rainy weather, with a total rainfall of 40-80 mm; the eastern part of Northwest China, North China, Northeast China, Huang-Huai and Jianghuai regions will total a precipitation of 30-50 mm, with 80-120 mm for some areas. In the next ten days, the meteorological drought regions such as Shaanxi, Hubei and Henan will see the rainfalls increase, with a total precipitation of 20-40 mm. Before August 10, the arid areas will experience scattered rainfalls with uneven distribution of precipitation, which will be conducive to easing the drought in some areas, and after that from the 10th to the 13th, there will be a weather process of small to moderate rain, which will alleviate the drought in most regions.
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